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Military Training Looks to the Future in Peru

first_imgBy Geraldine Cook/Diálogo November 06, 2017 A unique academic environment pervades the halls of the Peruvian Air Force (FAP, per its Spanish acronym) Air War College. The school has high standards of quality and is educationally demanding for FAP officers. In its classrooms, students pay close attention and take notes on national defense and security, strategic planning, military operations, and civilian interaction, among other topics. They take on a great responsibility as they prepare to be the institution’s new leaders. “The academic level has been stupendous, really good professors,” said FAP Colonel Pablo Patrón, air defense specialist and student in the High Command Program (PAM, per its Spanish acronym). “The academic level is higher. It helps us understand how the state apparatus evolves, which propels us into public administration.” The yearlong PAM targets colonels who have the best chance at promotion, so they can fine-tune their knowledge on strategic design, planning, training, and execution within the military realm, while allowing them to analyze the domestic situation to resolve conflicts. “Our objective is to train all the FAP officers of different ranks, so that they are qualified for any position and can lead our institution when they finish their studies,” said FAP Major General César Augusto Fernández Corbetto, commandant of the school. “We want officers to be trained and leave here as prepared as possible. [We want] those who graduate to be as well trained as possible and for them to make the best decisions in their assignments.” The school The Air War College was founded in 1946, and officially inaugurated in 1947, three years before the official inception of FAP. It has operated on different military premises in Lima, Peru, but has maintained its own facilities in the district of La Molina since 1991. As Peruvian military aviation was still being developed, U.S. Air Force Colonel Robert C. Orth acted as the original commandant of the school from 1947 to 1948. The first class of officers graduated in 1950. The academic institution has an average of 250 students, including officers from the country’s other military branches. The students are selected by their respective units and assigned to academic work full-time for one year. The teaching staff comprises active and retired military members and civilians. “This school is highly sought after,” Maj. Gen. Fernández said. He explained that of an average of 80 prospective candidates each year, only 28 officers are admitted. The academic programs are divided into different areas, and the Peruvian Ministry of Education is in the process of accrediting it as an official school of higher education. The area of Military Doctrine, for example, includes PMA, the Command and General Staff Program (PCEM, per its Spanish acronym), the Service Officers General Staff Program, and the Tactics Program. In addition to being certified in their respective areas of specialization, PMA and PCEM students graduate with a master’s degree in Aerospace Doctrine and Administration from the National University of San Marcos, Peru. Other certification courses are offered as well, such as Accident Prevention and Investigation, Aviation Medicine, and Psychology, among others. The school also has academic internships with other institutions, both domestically and internationally. Officers from Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and other countries have attended its classes. “Interacting with other forces is very important,” said Col. Patrón, who has completed nine months of studies and is attending classes with his counterparts from FAP and other Peruvian forces. “Although we are from the same country, under the same flag, and speak the same language, we do have some differences, but sharing experiences with them is very enriching,” he said. Quality education “It’s a great responsibility to be a professor at the Air War College. The officers come here with a high degree of knowledge and a vast amount of experience leading large units in the organization,” said Edward Pino Hurtado, faculty advisor and PAM coordinator. “We attach great importance to the evaluation of students in decision making and the critical analysis that they carry out during the planning process. This is complex and difficult, but it is fascinating and important.” Pino said that the academic programs are vital to the officers as they allow them to advance in their military careers. “Students who come here have many incentives; they’re thinking about their future and their profession.” FAP Major Nadia Maycook, a PCEM student, is motivated by such a future. Three months after graduating, Maj. Maycook has honed her knowledge on planning and operational application of aerospace power in war processes. “We put into practice all the tools and the resources we have to implement during war,” she said. “Operationally, I am learning things you don’t see every day in an administrative unit.” Maj. Maycook is part of a class of 32 students, including four women. “We are past the difficult phase of working as women and men,” she said. “At first, the change was more difficult for [the men], and the experience was the more difficult part for us, but not anymore, we don’t have any difficulty working as a team.” For FAP First Lieutenant Cristian Medina, a helicopter pilot and Tactics Program student, the course has given him enriching experiences, especially in the study of military doctrine. “This is the first time we are seeing doctrine in an assertive manner, with people who are specialized in resolving issues based on their knowledge and, more than anything else, based on their experience.” Sitting in his classroom with 37 of his fellow students, ready for the start of the day’s academic session, 1st Lt. Medina said that, in addition to the academic part, the relationship between the 38 students in the class has been essential. “You are with a lot of people, and each person is like a different world. So, you also learn what living together and working as a team means,” he said. “I am a helicopter pilot based in operations, and I am learning how others perform in their areas.”last_img read more

Spelinspektionen offers new guidance on virtual sports content

first_img Global Gaming adds sportsbook extension to Ninja property August 25, 2020 Winning Post: Swedish regulator pushes back on ‘Storebror’ approach to deposit limits August 24, 2020 Submit Share Share Soft2Bet continues new market drive with Irokobet launch August 26, 2020 Responding to licensee queries, Swedish gambling inspectorate Spelinspektionen has issued new guidance for virtual sports content and simulated events, in the absence of a traditional sports programme.  Spelinspektionen clarified that Swedish sportsbooks require no further licensing arrangement to offer virtual sports content to customers.The regulatory authority underlined that all virtual sports content serviced by bookmakers must be provided by a Spelinspektionen licensed software provider. In its statement, Spelinspektionen detailed that licensees offering virtual sports content must be in accordance with Chapter-8 of the Swedish Gambling Act. “The Gaming Act is not limited to what betting forms can be provided within the license, regardless of the betting forms that the applicant crossed in his application. However, the terms of the license indicate which types of betting must not be offered,” Spelinspektionen informed licensees.Any licensees that seek to expand their gaming portfolios with virtual sports content must inform the inspectorate of changes undertaken to their product inventories in-line with Swedish licensing conditions.Technical provisions will require licensees to amend ‘technical documentation’ with regards to virtual sports content suppliers, allowing Spelinspektionen to track market developments and operator services.The inspectorate reminded licence holders that certification must be kept up to date with all games and product verticals provided by licensees Related Articles StumbleUponlast_img read more

DD Motoring: From Kerry to Kelly’s

first_imgWe were the Veedol ton up boys or “Cafe racers” back then on our bikes with clothes pegs and pieces of Cornflake boxes making an engine sound when it hit the spokes of the wheels, around the green but not allowed onto the main road.The famous Veedol oil brand which was familiar to the locals in Wolfe Tone Place.This all comes back to me as I sit in a recently renovated Diner at Kelly’s at the Mountain Top and proudly look at the larger than life size poster of my neighbour in sepia pictures around the diner.He was looking sharp in his uniform complete with cap and long arm driving gloves. Today the voice of the AA is Conor Faughnan, but back in the day the face of the AA in Donegal was Foley as in Tim! Advertisement He could have been from anywhere that the Automobile Association was on call to help its 55 million members looking at this fine picture of him in the wall, but he was my neighbour from 31 Wolfe Tone Place in Letterkenny four doors up from our home at No 27.The pictures are from Letterkenny with Tim in his AA motorbike and sidecar and another one of Tim pictured beside an old Series 1 Land Rover and a final picture of Tim saluting local man John Crerand in his car as he drives out of Letterkenny.Tim Foley in the life sizes poster at the Kelly’s Diner at the Mountains TopThe sepia tone pictures look to be from the 50s or early 60s and gives a great insight of what life was like on the roads in Donegal. Tim Foley was originally from Kerry and came to Donegal where he was stationed with The AA. He met his future wife Rose from near Ballybofey and came to live in Letterkenny in Wolfe Tone Place.John Walace pictured at the poster of the Late Tim Foley which sits proudly on the walls of Kelly’s Diner. Photo Brian Mc DaidWhen the AA centralised their call out in the Northwest to Sligo, Tim stayed in Letterkenny and got work as a telephonist in the telephone exchange at night but by day he was still into the cars and was the area agent for Veedol oil. When we were wanes in Wolfe Tone Place we all got Veedol stickers from Tim for our bikes which looked so cool. An STP sticker was the normal one for the motor fans but up in Wolfe Tone we were different. Advertisement Little did we know that Veedol was a world famous brand which was the oil of choice of Henry Ford and his model T and was also used to lubricate the first airship that flew around the world! Sadly Tim has passed from this world a good few years now but most will remember Tim in his bicycle shop, Church St. Cycles on the Church Lane.I once bought a Raleigh bike from him which is still going strong now down in Galway. It is on loan to my sons as a transport option for him to and from school.Walk the linePatrick McIntyre was a member of the committee that worked on the old Lough Swilly railway line to make it into a walkway near Cresslough. The line hugged along the bottom of Muckish mountain with views out towards Tory Island. I’m sure Patrick dreamt of the benefits it would be to locals and tourists alike who could benefit from of the remoteness and raw beauty of Co. Donegal, unfortunately Patrick never lived to see the benefit of his work and the committee’s effort.His efforts were not forgotten though and the day that section of track was open as a walkway his wife Winifred was asked if she would do the honours and cut the tape, which she did with sadness and pride. That was on the 13th of December 2013 and I was privileged to be invited. It became part of my journey called “walk the line” that I completed that year.On Monday this week I was back on the old railway line in a section I had difficulty finding in 2013. Gatehouse No 7 and Gatehouse no 8 out of Letterkenny on the Lough Swilly extension line to Burtonport are different to any other gatehouses as they are built a good distance from the crossing they were built to service. An old Bridge out in the middle of the wilderness one used by the Letterkenny to Burtonport extension line from Derry. Photo Brian McDaidThat is because the ground was too soft to find a footing for the founds for them where the railway ran through. These are located on the Termon side of Barnes Gap.A great start to the railway line walk which we had a sneak preview of this week in Termon. Photo BY Brian McDaidSo as you can imagine Graobhin An Termon have done great work to get this section back on track. A fresh path of 801 grade stones with drainage to either sides and fencing and new galvanised gates for the landowners along the way hopefully will ensure that all who want to use it will respect the benefits of walking through a part of Donegal that is unspoilt.New gates along the old railway line to ensure that walkers and land owners are treated with the respect in this great local facility in Termon. Photo Brian McDaidWalking this line this week in its remoteness I can’t help thinking about part of Donegal that hasn’t changed for generations, so the view that I saw on Monday was the view that everyone else seen that ever walked this section of line before me.A sad reality about this section of line on the way into Termon Station was that more people may have walked the line into Termon Station than travelled on the train. Journey of hopeWhen I walk the line in 2013 an elderly man told me of his memory of the railway when he was a young boy. It was a regular sight to see groups walking in their bare feet into Kilmacrennan Station with their shoes draped by they laces around their neck.Children and adults would spend a night in the station which is in Termon sleeping in sheds and spending time in Doonwell where they would pray that they would get work in the following days when they would make the last part of the journey to the hiring fares in Letterkenny by train.This section of walkway is not opened yet but it a credit to the people that believe in the benefits of it and hopefully a section of the walk may be opened later this year.Happy Motoring FolksDD Motoring: From Kerry to Kelly’s was last modified: February 7th, 2018 by Brian McDaidShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:brian mc daidKelly’s DinerKerryletterkennymotoringlast_img read more