By Andréa Barretto / Diálogo August 14, 2019 Piracy, terrorism, illegal immigration, and environmental disasters are some of the issues that threaten maritime traffic. These threats may affect countries’ crucial activities, such as the import and export of cargo by sea. The objective of multinational exercise Bell Buoy is to work jointly to better understand what happens in the maritime environment and to combat these threats.The Pacific and Indian Ocean Shipping Working Group (PACIOSWG) conducts this annual training. The 2019 edition took place in Australian waters, May 6-17, bringing together about 80 service members from the navies of Australia, Brazil, Ecuador, Fiji, France, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States.Bell Buoy simulates scenarios that incorporate new threats to which participants must respond. The doctrine of Naval Cooperation and Guidance for Shipping (NCAGS) regulates all activities. The maritime traffic naval control doctrine, developed by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, is used as a reference to update doctrines PACIOSWG member countries adopt. Sydney based participants from the Royal Australian Navy, Royal New Zealand Navy, United States Navy and the Royal Navy, during Exercise Bell Buoy 2019.“The exercise was designed specifically to promote the practice of NCAGS’ processes and policies at tactical and operational levels,” said Brazilian Navy (MB, in Portuguese) Commander Fábio Pereira Moraes, who heads the Maritime Security Section of the Integrated Maritime Security Center. The institution is part of the MB structure and collects navigation security and maritime protection data.Cooperation Brazil participated in Bell Buoy as an observer since 2005, and actively participates in the exercise since 2012. In the 2019 edition, two officers represented MB. Cmdr. Fábio Moraes participated as part of the General Staff, while Brazilian Navy Lieutenant Commander Leonardo Lopes Pereira da Silva, integrated a team that was sent to ports.“Bell Buoy is predominantly a ‘command post’ exercise, or a type of exercise in which the forces are simulated, involving the commander, the General Staff, and the communications inside and between the commands, however using real resources,” said Cmdr. Fábio Moraes.According to the scenario, participants faced a series of threats, such as piracy attacks of increasing intensity which affected the lines of communication, and industry and maritime trade in a fictitious region between the southeast coast of Australia andNew Zealand. The goal was to respond, making decisions based on NCAGS doctrine incorporated within a software that simulated the theater of operations.According to Cmdr. Fábio Moraes, an array of important information contributes to maritime security in routine activities of each country’s maritime traffic control. “It depends on the type of operation and the expected threat. We can list some characteristics, among others, of the vessels and lines of communications in the region,” said the officer.The live portion of the training consisted of a group of service members visiting Australian ports to guide the local maritime community.According to Cmdr. Fábio Moraes, the NCAGS doctrine is designed to avoid the conflict of military operations with maritime traffic, and also seeks to increase local security. The doctrine provides the interface between the commander of military operations and the maritime community, especially commercial vessels and those entities that operate them. “All sources and available resources may and must be used to promote guidance and cooperation with commercial vessels, for instance, with teams sent to the theater of operations,” said the officer.
0Shares0000Mauricio Pellegrino’s nine-month spell in charge came to an end with Southampton in danger of relegation © AFP/File / Glyn KIRKLONDON, United Kingdom, Mar 13 – Struggling Premier League club Southampton sacked Argentinian manager Mauricio Pellegrino on Monday with only eight matches remaining in the league season.Pellegrino took over at St Mary’s on a three-year deal last June, but Southampton announced in a statement that they had parted company with the 46-year-old with the club only one place and one point above the relegation zone. “The club will look to appoint a new management team as soon as possible, with the search for a replacement already underway,” the statement added.Assistant coaches Carlos Compagnucci and Xavier Tamarit have also left the club.A disastrous run of form that has seen the Saints win only one of their last 17 Premier League matches always appeared likely to end in Pellegrino’s demise.The latest 3-0 defeat at relegation rivals Newcastle on Saturday proved to be the final straw for the Southampton hierarchy, with the club in danger of being relegated from the top flight for the first time since being promoted in 2012.“I observed some players who gave up and we cannot show this, to be honest,” Pellegrino admitted after the humbling loss at St James’ Park.“You can lose, you can play badly, but you have to show another face on the pitch.“For this reason, I would like to say sorry to our fans because we couldn’t represent our club properly. This is the worst thing that we did today.”Former Blackburn, Manchester City and Stoke manager Mark Hughes has been installed as the early bookmakers’ favourite to replace Pellegrino, with Marco Silva also linked with the job after being sacked by Watford in January.Former Alaves coach Pellegrino did lead the south-coast club into the FA Cup quarter-finals, with the now-managerless side set to visit third-tier Wigan in the last eight on Sunday.But Southampton had expected far better this season, after three consecutive top-eight finishes.Frenchman Claude Puel was sacked after leading the team to eighth place and the League Cup final last term, and has since thrived after taking over at Leicester earlier this season.Southampton, who sold centre-back Virgil van Dijk for a record-breaking £75 million ($102 million, 84 million euros) in January, have started leaking goals in recent weeks, conceding 19 in their last 10 Premier League outings.But scoring has been their biggest problem all season, with Charlie Austin their top-scorer with only six goals in all competitions.Fans have become increasingly frustrated with their team’s defensive style of play, which had been one of the main reasons Puel was axed, with Leicester ironically now one of the more exciting sides to watch in the division.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)