Love Learning?

first_imgWritten by Caregiving Team member Alicia Cassels, MA, Military Families Learning Network Program Development and Evaluation SpecialistFull disclosure, I love podcasts. As a self-confessed edutainment junkie, podcasts provide me with a great option for learning and enjoyment on the go. I drive, cook, clean or just relax while exploring my love of travel, cooking, seeing life from new perspectives, and exploring content in human science, neurology and wellness totally hands-free. Pair a great podcast episode with wireless headphones or a Bluetooth speaker and it’s pure magic!It seems I am not alone. More than 44% of Americans have listened to a podcast, with 49% of that listening taking place in the home and 22% in the car. According to Podcast Insights, most of those listeners tune in to multiple podcasts each week (2018).Podcasts come in a variety of lengths and formats with average run times ranging from twenty to sixty minutes. Content and topics cover the spectrum of human interests, from educational to recreational, and everything in between. With more than 550,000 active podcasts on Apple Podcasts according to Variety, and 18 million episodes available in over 100 languages, selecting a podcast for your listening list may seem daunting (2018).Have You Considered Educational Podcasts?With podcasts introducing new perspectives, providing opportunities for listener reflection, and guiding activities in skill building, the possibilities for learning through podcasts are numerous. Want to learn about the newest discoveries in science? There is a podcast for that! Want to learn a new language? Podcasts have you covered!Three Things to Consider When Selecting Podcasts:Consider the source. With more than 500,000 podcasts available, content and quality will vary. Many universities, research organizations and non-profits offer excellent free podcasts.Consider format. Popular formats include the long form interview, panel discussion, narrative storytelling, and hybrid, with run times ranging from 20 minutes to 45 minutes or longer. Select one with the type of format that appeals most to you.You may be pleasantly surprised. With a little research you may find podcasts from familiar sources. If it has been a while since you visited the web page of an organization with which are affiliated, you may want to check in. The organization may now be hosting podcasts. I have been pleasantly surprised to find several podcasts this way.A Few of My Personal FavoritesThree of my favorite podcasts include, The Knowledge Project Podcast, hosted by Shane Parrish of Farnam Street, Hidden Brain from NPR, hosted by Shankar Vedantam , The Splendid Table, hosted by Francis Lam.I also invite you to listen to try our podcast, Show Up Inspired. The monthly podcast is dedicated to exploring what keeps professionals engaged and thriving at work. The format is non-fiction, narrative storytelling. Each episode highlights stories of professionals in the field and incorporates interviews with subject matter experts in medical, social, and management sciences to examine lessons we can draw from research and practice.  0.5 free CE’s are available. Subscribe to iTunes to listen.Military Families Learning Network teams have been involved in the development of a growing number of educational podcasts. We have ongoing and archived content in a number of areas. I invite you to explore via our Military Families Learning Network team home pages. Subscribe to those you enjoy and check back periodically for updates.Happy listening and learning!References/Links:Lopez, Riardo. Talent Agencies Turn to Popular Podcasts for New IP, Developing Fil, TV Projects and More. Variety. 2018.2018 Podcast Stats & Facts. Podcast Insights. 2018.last_img read more

Easter Egg Hunt: Hidden Treats in Adobe After Effects

first_imgWe show you the hidden suprises in this easter egg hunt for Adobe After Effects.It’s that time of the year again, kids get to search around for eggs full of candy while you watch with inner-jealousy. Well…we can’t give you free candy but we can give you the chance to go on an easter egg hunt using Adobe After Effects!For those unfamiliar, an ‘easter egg‘ is a hidden message or joke inside a movie or software. Some developers choose to include easter eggs in their apps and software as a way to entertain and reward users.First we’ll provide instructions for the ‘hunt’ and then we’ll share the spoilers for what each of them does…Easter Egg Hunt InstructionsSimply open up a new project in Adobe After Effects and follow the instructions below.Hold down Option+Command (Control+Alt on a pc) and click About After Effects in the File Menu.Navigate to File>Preferences>General, with the Shift key held down click General. There should be a new menu item at the bottom of the menu tabs.Create a new mask. Hold down Shift+Option+Command and click on the words Mask Expansion. When you close and open the mask menu you should see an easter egg.Add an effect to any layer. In the effects control panel shift+click on the text just above the top effect (make sure you unmute your speakers).Add the Tone effect to any clip. Under the Animation presets click CallAdobe. This produces the DTMF tone that allegedly will call Adobe if you are using a phone that recognizes DTMF tones.What’s Inside Each Egg? Spoiler Alert!1. A secret project with the names of all the developers.2. A secret menu tab that allows users to disable the layer cache and ignore sequence rendering errors. This one makes us a little nervous.3. The term “Mask Embiggen” will replace expansion. Embiggen is a term from The Simpsons which means to make bigger. Although we’re thinking there may be some other connotations.4. When you click right above the top effect in the effect control panel you will hear a sheep sound. I accidentally came across this sound recently with my volume turned up and it scared the heck out of me! The sheep sound also plays when there are certain types of rendering errors.Photo Courtesy of George Gastin on WikimediaThe following video shows how find the easter eggs in Adobe After Effects.Well that concludes our easter egg hunt this year!Did we miss any Easter Eggs? Share in the comments below.last_img read more

Quick Tip: Fixing a Crooked Horizon in Premiere Pro

first_imgSet your horizons straight with these quick, savvy tips for effectively correcting crooked footage in Adobe Premiere Pro.An age-old problem for both videographers and photographers alike — that tricky, straight-line horizon. While the human eye really does enjoy and is drawn to perfectly straight lines, it can be rather annoying when said straightness is even a little bit off-kilter.When shooting video against a backdrop that includes a horizon, the safest way to ensure your horizon will be perfectly symmetrical is by using the following:Limited movement (especially rotations of the camera)Mount a tripod or solid stand (or a perfectly calibrated gimbal)Use a level (which certain tripods do include)However, this isn’t always the case for every video or film shoot. And, even when it is, you’ll be surprised how often you make it to the edit only to find that the horizon still looks just a little bit off. Luckily, however, it’s not that hard of a fix.Here’s a quick tip breakdown on how to easily fix a crooked horizon by using some of the basic settings in Adobe Premiere Pro.1) Zoom InLet’s take a look at a clip from a recent short I shot. This is from a comedic series I’ve been working on called Chris Stares At You While Eating A Plate Of Nachos (yes, that’s the whole concept). We shot this while traveling, so we didn’t have a big setup. We had to use a makeshift stand for the camera, so going in we knew the horizon would be slightly crooked.However, right off the bat, we tried to compensate and prepare for this by intentionally shooting the scene wider than it needed to be, knowing that we’d eventually have to zoom in once in the edit.Zooming in will start to give you the room you need in the image to rotate. In Premiere Pro, you simply select the clip you wish to edit and go to the Effects Controls tab in the top left. From there, you can find the Scale option. Without setting any keyframes, just change the scale from 100 percent to something like 110 percent to start (you can adjust it higher later, if needed).2) Adjust the RotationAfter you’ve given yourself a little room, you can adjust the Rotation controls, which can be found a few lines below the Scale option. Other programs or techniques might give you a bar-line option to trace points to auto-create a line, but I’ve found that in Premiere Pro, this is the quickest way, allowing you to give it a true eye test.Change the Rotation by a few degrees from 0.0 to 2.0 or -2.0. Using positive numbers will rotate the image to the right, while negative numbers will rotate the image to the left. Once you get it close, you can adjust it minutely by going decibel point by decibel point with 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, etc.It’s a trial and error process. You can review your image at a higher degree by making the program image larger (just press the “~” key when you have the image selected).3) Watch out for CornersNow, the reason we zoomed in to begin with is because once you start rotating your image, you’ll find that if you go too far, this causes the footage to reveal black bars in the corners. If you see these, it just means you haven’t zoomed in far enough (or you might be overcompensating your rotation).Once you’ve messed around for a bit and are sure it passes the eye test, you’re done! You can dive into color, effects, and the rest of your edit from there. Cheers!All images via Chris Stares At You While Eating A Plate Of Nachos.For more filmmaking and editing quick tips and tricks, check out these articles below.Mixing Audio for Film and Video ProjectsQuick Tip: Super Simple Audio SetupUsing Label Colors to Manage Premiere Pro ProjectsVideo Editing Quick Tip: Stack Timelines in Premiere Pro5 Quick Tips for Editing Music in Your Video Projectlast_img read more

If You Lead, You Need to Be Strategic – Episode 189

first_imgLeading requires that you deal with the day-to-day challenges, but the real thing that needs your attention is long term intiatives and strategy.last_img

How You Lose Your Dream Client In The Sales Conversation

first_imgWhen you understand your dream client’s challenges and know what they need to do, it can be easy to rush to give them the right answer. You know what the solution is, and you know exactly how to help your prospect get the better result they need. When this approach causes your dream client to slow down, retreat, disengage or go dark, it’s because you disconnected from them in the sales conversation. Getting too far ahead is how you lose your dream client in the sales conversation.Too Many Steps Ahead on the PathThe contacts with whom you are having the sales conversation may be trying to understand why they are struggling to produce the result they need, what options are available to them, and whether or not something might work for them individually. In short, if they withdraw from the conversation, it is because they want to explore and collaborate.You may know everything you need to offer them solid advice as to what they should do without any more conversation. Your dream client may still need more conversation. Because you sell every day, you are way ahead of your dream client in the sales conversation. You have disconnected from them by getting too many steps ahead of them on the path.Decoupling from the Sales ConversationYou are in a discovery call, and you are talking with your contacts about why they might change, what is possible, and how they might think about some initiative to improve things. They are engaged with you in this conversation, and you are all together in the place. In The Lost Art of Closing, I called this commitment, Explore. You might call it discovery or diagnosis, both of which work, but I prefer the broadening of the idea, as it eliminates asking a “What’s keep you up at night” kind of approach.Imagine this exploration provides you with the clearest of view of their problem and its solution. You are right, and you are confident. You know what your contacts need to do, so you explain the solution and how your contacts should move forward. The conversation is now different, and your contacts lean back instead of leaning forward. When this is true, it’s because you left the conversation and moved on to another conversation, one they weren’t quite prepared to have. You decoupled from them, and in doing so, you left them behind.In the parlance of The Lost Art of Closing, you skipped a number of the ten commitments, including change, collaborate, consensus, and invest and went straight to reviewing a potential solution. To be clear, you may talk about the solution because it is a necessary part of an early conversation. If you talk about it as a way of exploring possible ideas, you stay connected by not framing the solution as your final answer (even though it very well might be).No more pushy sales tactics. The Lost Art of Closing shows you how to proactively lead your customer and close your sales. As Fast as They Can Go and No FasterI wrote an entire book on controlling the process, winning deals, and ensuring you don’t take more time than is necessary to win deals by providing you help your dream client have the conversations they need and to make and keep the commitments that allow them to move forward.You might want to speed the deal along because you need it, in which case, your speed becomes your prospect’s obstacle to an agreement. Your client may want to speed things up because they want to get the better results sooner, causing them to make decisions that slow or kill the initiative because they didn’t want to take the time to do something like, acquire an executive sponsor or build consensus. Fast is slow, and slow is fast.Some of your dream clients are going to move faster than others. A few of them are going to need more time than you believe they should. They might need to go over ground you already covered or bring in new stakeholders who need to go back to the beginning of the conversation. You cannot control the speed of the deal by skipping past the discussions and the necessary commitments.You can only go as fast as your client can go and no faster, which makes it your job to control the process, which is to say “sell the process,” and provide the roadmap that helps your dream client know what they need to do and helps keep you connected.Where Are You? Where Are They?The Lost Art of Closing is my attempt to provide a map of the terrain. It is helpful to know where your client is in the sales conversation so you can serve them where they are, not where you want them to be. It is helpful to be able to share with your prospective client where they are and what comes next for most of the people with whom you engage in this process.How you increase the speed of the deal (velocity) is by linking the necessary conversations together and accelerating the commitments, not by skipping them or pretending they aren’t needed when they are.The idea here is a nonlinear methodology. You don’t have to have ten meetings to get through the ten commitments, and in fact, some B2C salespeople have used this framework, sharing that they accomplish nine of the ten in a single meeting. As soon as people who use this idea recognize how far out in front of their prospects they are, they go back and pick them up where they left them. Then they make sure they move them forward at a pace that provides the result both they and their prospective clients need. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

Gujarat BJP woos tribals ahead of Assembly polls

first_imgAhmedabad: The Gujarat Bharatiya Janata Party has begun wooing tribals, who constitute 15% of the State’s population and are an influential social group on more than 35 Assembly segments, including 27 Scheduled Tribes (ST) reserved seats.With the Assembly elections just 10 months away, Chief Minister Vijay Rupani and State BJP president Jitu Vaghani led a 1,500-kilometre long Adivasi Vikas Gaurav Yatra. The march passed through tribal areas covering 15 districts, and culminated at Ambaji in North Gujarat on Saturday. Shake-off Patidar dentThe party’s attempt to focus on tribal votes is seemingly aimed at offsetting the dent in its vote base caused due to the Patidar agitation. Of the 27 reserved ST seats, the BJP holds 10 seats, the Congress 16, and one seat is held by the JD(U). In the 2014 parliamentary polls, the BJP won four ST reserved seats. It made a clean sweep by winning all 26 seats in the polls. According to insiders, the party leadership anticipates some losses in 40 Patidar-dominated seats and 13 scheduled caste (SC) reserved seats, and is thus focusing on tribal votes.Big-wigs attendDuring the 10-day long march, party leaders and Union Ministers highlighted the development works launched by the State and Central governments in tribal areas. Leaders like Purushottam Rupala, Jaswantsinh Bhabhor and Mansukh Mandaviya, among others, were a part of the march.last_img read more

Akhilesh elected leader of SP Legislature party

first_imgSamajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav was, on Tuesday, unanimously elected as the leader of SP Legislature party.The decision was taken at a meeting of SP legislators, where party veterans Azam Khan and Shivpal Singh Yadav were conspicuous by their absence.At the meeting of SP MLAs and MLCs, the former chief minister was unanimously elected as the combined leader of the party in both the State Assembly and Council, SP spokesman Rajendra Chaudhary said.Besides, Akhilesh was also authorised to pick the leader of the party in the Legislative Council, he added. Akhilesh is a member of the Upper House, where senior SP leader Ahmed Hasan presently leads the party.Akhilesh had, on Monday, nominated senior-most party MLA Ram Govind Chaudhary as the leader of the SP in the Assembly, paving the way for his becoming the Leader of Opposition (LOP) in the House.Both Azam and Shivpal, who were considered strong contenders for the post of LOP in the Assembly but failed to find favour with Akhilesh, skipped Tuesday’s meeting.Commenting on the choice of Chaudhary for the key post, the Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) had accused the SP of “acting under BJP’s pressure” and denying the position to Khan.“SP acted under BJP’s pressure to deny the position of LOP to a dynamic and strong leader like Azam Khan, which could have posed problems for them in the legislature,” State RLD chief Masood Ahmed alleged.“Had Khan been made the Leader of Opposition, he would have retained his government bungalow and there would also have been no question on his Maulana Jauhar University in Rampur. So, BJP exerted pressure on Netaji (Mulayam Singh) to stop it,” he added.RLD has one MLA in the 403-member State Assembly.last_img read more

‘Minister’s comments against Lamanis a mistake’

first_imgPanaji: The deputy speaker of the Goa legislative Assembly and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MLA from Calangute, Michael Lobo, on Tuesday apologised for Goa Tourism Minister Manohar Ajgaonkar’s comments against Lamanis, a nomadic tribal community, last week.Speaking to reporters, Mr. Lobo said Mr. Ajgaonkar had erred in making a statement that demanded banning Lamanis from Goa.He said, “I apologise on behalf of the party and the coalition parties in the BJP-led government. The Minister must consider apologising. It is up to him.”Mr. Ajgaonkar, who belongs to the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party, a regional outfit, had said, “Outsiders who can uphold Goenkarponn [Goanness] should be allowed to stay, the rest should be ousted. Goa’s culture should be retained. Beggars and Lamanis should be stopped [from coming to the State]. A wrong message is sent because of them and the reputation of Goans is spoilt.”Lamanis, known for their colourful attire, are migrants from Karnataka and other southern States. They are predominantly involved in the seasonal tourism trade, and are usually seen selling trinkets, balloons, toys, and handmade clothes, on beaches.Mr. Lobo said while there is a need to control hawkers on popular beaches in the State, there was no reason for Mr. Ajgaonkar’s comments against the Lamani community. “I have already spoken to Mr. Ajgaonkar and told him that there was a mistake on his part. What he wanted to say was hawkers, but he said Lamanis instead.” The Tourism Minister’s comments had drawn criticism from Goa’s Lamani community, and from politicians in Karnataka.The North Goa police have said they neither have and nor would target any community in the State.last_img read more

Earthquake of 4.5 magnitude hits Jammu and Kashmir

first_imgA medium intensity earthquake measuring 4.5 on the Richter Scale hit Jammu and Kashmir early on Monday, the IMD said. According to the National Seismology Centre of the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the earthquake occurred at 4:28 a.m. at a depth of 33 Km. There were no immediate reports of loss of life or property.last_img

Rajasthan doctors call off stir as govt. accepts demands

first_imgThe agitating doctors of government hospitals in Rajasthan have called off their 11-day-long strike following an agreement with the State government that has addressed their concerns. Over 80 doctors were arrested during the strike when the Essential Services Maintenance Act was invoked.The strike ended late on Wednesday night, just two days after the Rajasthan High Court directed the government to proceed “in accordance with law” to bring the in-service doctors back to work. Medical and Health Minister Kali Charan Saraf said there were “some misunderstandings” that had been resolved through the agreement.The government has accepted the doctors’ demand for appointment of a medical expert to the post of Additional Director (Gazetted) in the Directorate of Health Services by replacing an Administrative Officer. On the demand for revocation of transfer of 12 doctors after the earlier strike last month, the government has agreed to post them at places convenient for them.The doctors had gone on mass leave, demanding implementation of an agreement on the issues of dynamic accelerated career promotion, increasing rural allowances of doctors, among others.last_img read more

Tejashwi mounts attack on Nitish Kumar, Modi

first_imgLaunching a sharp attack on the ruling NDA government at the Centre, Rashtriya Janata Dal leader Tejashwi Yadav said here on Tuesday that the 2019 elections would be a fight between Mandal, Ambedkar and Gandhi on the one hand and Nathuram Godse and M.S. Golwalkar on the other.Painting a grim picture of freedoms and social justice under the present government, he said at an event on the role of youth in contemporary politics that only Bahujans and the discourse of social justice can challenge the Narendra Modi government.The Leader of the Opposition in the Bihar Assembly took digs at both State Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his 18-minute address, exhorting the youth not to be afraid and defend the “Constitution, country and reservations”.“If I had known chacha (uncle) was such a coward, we would not have gone for the Grand Alliance in the last Bihar Assembly polls. My father was never afraid. He had arrested [Lal Krishna] Advani ji during the Rath Yatra. He fought for reservations. He always fought like a lion,” he said, unfavourably comparing Mr. Kumar to his father and RJD supremo Lalu Prasad. “My father never went back on his ideology. He never compromised with Manuvaad and communalism.”Taking a dig at the Prime Minister’s reported statement that selling pakodas was also a form of employment, Mr. Yadav said, “Modi ji says the youth should sell pakodas. We respect the youth selling pakodas, but even that requires some money. If not ₹15 lakh, please make a start by giving people ₹1-2 lakh, so that they can sell pakodas.” He then added, “But if all people start selling pakodas, who will buy the pakodas?”The interactive session organised by Forum of Students and Teachers of Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Jamia Millia Islamia saw the presence of some academics on stage, including DU professor and RJD Rajya Sabha MP Manoj Jha, JNU political scientist M.N. Thakur and DU political scientist N. Sukumar.Asked in the question and answer session who the RJD’s candidates for the 2019 Lok Sabha polls would be, Mr. Yadav said it was too early to comment on this, adding that the present priority was a united front to take on the government.last_img read more

Infant killed by monkey in Agra

first_imgInfant killed by monkey in Agra (Eds: Recasting intro) Agra, Nov 13 (PTI) A 12-day-old baby died after a monkey snatched him from his mother and left him bruised and bitten on the terrace of a neighbour’s house in Mohalla Kachhera area here. According to the family, Sunny’s mother was feeding him on Monday evening when the monkey snatched the infant and ran away with him. Sunny’s family members chased the monkey and later found the baby lying blood-soaked on a neighbour’s terrace. The baby was rushed to a hospital where the doctors declared him brought dead, the family members said. Not ready to believe it, the family took him to another hospital, but to no avail. Eco-activist Shravan Kumar said monkeys are turning aggressive as their natural habitats have been destroyed and green cover is steadily shrinking. Residents said the monkeys loot, snatch and attack people, particularly women and children in Agra. “People do not dare to go to their terraces. Those who do have sealed their homes with iron mesh cages. You cannot leave your door open or sit in the sun,” a resident of Vijay Nagar colony Seema Gupta said. PTI CORR DIV DIV 11131419last_img read more

Lawyers’ stir hits work in four Odisha districts

first_imgNormal life was disrupted in Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur and Rayagada districts of Odisha on Tuesday because of a dawn-to-dusk bandh call given by a joint working committee of lawyers of these districts demanding establishment of a permanent bench of the Orissa High Court in undivided Koraput district.‘Extreme need’Several areas in these four tribal-dominated south Odisha districts are almost 500 kilometres from the Orissa High Court in Cuttack. The JWC said a permanent bench of the High Court for south Odisha was an extreme need and demanded that it should be established at any place in undivided Koraput that included these four districts. Members of the JWC alleged that their long-standing demand was being ignored by the government.Owing to the bandh call, markets, business establishments, banks and educational institutions remained closed in most parts of these districts. Vehicular traffic was affected as all passenger vehicles remained off road. Emergency services were kept out of the purview of this bandh call.Despite rain caused by cyclone Phethai, the lawyers came out to block roads and picket before government offices in these districts. All courts in these four districts could not function due to the agitation of the lawyers. But no untoward incidents related to the bandh were reported from any place.Congress chief whip Taraprasad Bahinipati and former Minister and BJD leader Rabinarayan Nanda have extended their support to the demand of the lawyers.last_img read more

Shutdown over Article 35A paralyses Valley

first_imgNormal life was paralysed in the Kashmir Valley on Wednesday due to a shutdown called by separatists in anticipation of the petitions challenging Article 35A coming up before the Supreme Court for hearing. All shops and markets remained closed and government offices registered a very thin attendance. There were very few private vehicles plying on the roads. Security was tightened across the State.Separatist amalgam Joint Resistance Leadership, comprising Syed Ali Geelani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Yasin Malik and several civil society groups, had called for a two-day shutdown over the issue.“It is imperative to register a strong protest against any change in the demography of the State by rolling back hereditary State subject laws of 1927,” said the separatists in a joint statement.The JRL has, however, called off the strike for February 14. “Senior lawyers of the Kashmir Bar Association are closely monitoring the case in the Supreme Court,” said a JRL spokesman.State govt. pleaThe J&K government, which is under President’s Rule, has submitted an application before the court and sought adjournment.“The J&K government will be seeking adjournment since there is presently no elected government in J&K. The present matter involves a sensitive issue regarding a challenge to Article 35A of the Constitution of India,” said M. Shoeb Alam, J&K’s standing counsel in the Supreme Court.last_img read more

Don’t harm trees during polls: green activists

first_imgGreen activists have urged the Chief Electoral Officer of Odisha to initiate measures to stop political parties from harming trees by nailing publicity materials on them during election campaign.Berhampur Sabuja Bahini, an organisation of young environmental activists, has submitted a memorandum addressed to the CEO to Berhampur Sub-Collector Digant Raut on the issue.“Mr. Raut has promised that all trees on public property in and around Berhampur will be protected from being harmed by metal intrusions to put up publicity materials during the election process,” said BSB president Sibaram Panigrahy.BSB activists had some months ago removed nails and other metal intrusions from over 2,000 trees in Berhampur. They had also used herbal remedy to cure wounds caused to the trees by these metal intrusions in a first-of-its-kind effort to save trees in Odisha.According to BSB secretary M. Dilip Kumar, a large number of trees are likely to be harmed during the coming elections. Trees are easiest points to put up advertisement materials. “We want this practice to end all over Odisha.”last_img read more

Life after lynching: The widows of Nuh

first_imgLying on a string cot beneath a row of pale green prayer beads that hangs from the wall, Asmeena Khan holds up a frail hand and says softly, “Please pray for me.”There is no electricity and Asmeena cannot summon the strength to wave away the flies that settle on her face. She has been bedridden since being in a car accident four months ago. Her brother says the doctors have said she is paralysed from the waist down, and will never walk again.Asmeena is the widow of Rakbar Khan, the dairy farmer who was killed by cow vigilantes on the night of July 20, 2018. After the murder of 28-year-old Rakbar, Asmeena, who has never been to school and is unsure even of her age, was left to raise her seven children. The eldest, 14-year-old Saahila, dropped out of school to help her mother with household chores and add to the family income by working as a daily wage labourer; four younger children were enrolled at a residential school in Aligarh run by a charitable society. The youngest two, aged six and three, have stayed with their mother in Tapkan village in Haryana’s Nuh district.When the accident happened. Asmeena was on her way to visit her children in Aligarh in a taxi. A truck collided with the car she was in. The driver and a 19-year-old niece accompanying Asmeena were killed. Asmeena was first taken to the medical college in Nuh and then referred to a hospital in New Delhi, as her injuries were serious.Bedridden and bereft Four months later, she still lies on a cot in her parent’s home. Rakbar’s parents have refused to take her in, says her brother Irfan. But, reasons Asmeena, “Rakbar’s father is an old man who barely makes ends meet by keeping a few goats. Rakbar’s brothers add to his income, but he can barely feed himself.”Asmeena got married when she was about 13. Three of her brothers work as drivers, two work in a poultry farm, and the youngest has dropped out of school and is learning to repair tyre punctures. Seventeen family members live in the two-room house at Tapkan. Two married sisters are visiting; they have come to find work as daily wage labourers, harvesting the ripened wheat in Nuh’s farms.Nuh’s woesHaryana’s Nuh district (earlier called Mewat), is just 75 km from Delhi and is part of the Gurgaon Parliamentary constituency. It is India’s ‘most backward district’, according to a 2018 ranking by Niti Aayog of 101 districts. The districts were graded on five parameters — health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion and skill development, and basic infrastructure. Nuh came last. The place has also seen some of the country’s most horrific hate crimes, tracked since 2012 by data journalism website IndiaSpend. In September 2016, a 20-year-old Muslim woman and her 14-year-old cousin were gang-raped and two other members of the family murdered by four men because the family had allegedly eaten beef. A few days earlier, the Haryana Cow Welfare Commission chairman, Bhani Ram Mangla, had said the Haryana police would ‘check’ biryani dishes to ensure they don’t contain beef, which is banned in the State.The Haryana Gauvansh Sanrakshan and Gausamvardhan Act of 2015 punishes anyone for possessing beef, or transporting / slaughtering cows, with up to 10 years in jail and a fine of up to ₹1 lakh. In Nuh, 792 such FIRs were registered between November 2015 and March 2019. In that period, 1,194 arrests were made. But the lynchings seem to continue, despite a Supreme Court judgment last year that said “mob vigilantism and mob violence have to be prevented by the governments by taking strict action and by the vigil society who ought to report such incidents to the state machinery and the police instead of taking the law into their own hands.”Rakbar was murdered when he was walking back with his friend Aslam from Alwar in Rajasthan after buying cattle. Confronted by a group of gau rakshaks near Lalawandi village, Aslam managed to run and hide, but Rakbar was severely beaten. The last photograph of him, shot in police custody, shows him alive. But a few hours later, his post-mortem report states, he died of internal injuries. In his statement to the police, Aslam said he heard the attackers name the local MLA, Gyan Dev Ahuja of the BJP, who is on record saying cow slaughter is a bigger crime than terrorism.Left for deadLike Rakbar, Umar Khan and two others, Tahir Khan and Javed, were transporting cows from Mewat to Bharatpur in Rajasthan on November 14, 2017. While Tahir and Javed were beaten, Umar was shot dead, and his body thrown near the railway tracks in the Ramgarh area of Alwar.The most prominent of all lynching victims is Pehlu Khan, whose widow Jaibuna continues to live in their ramshackle house in Jaisinghpur in Nuh. The 55-year-old dairy farmer had gone to Jaipur to buy cows at a cattle fair. He was attacked on April 1, 2017 when he was returning home. Despite producing relevant documents, including a bill of sale, Pehlu and five others with him, including two of his sons, were beaten up by cow vigilantes near the Jaipur-Delhi national highway. Pehlu died of his injuries on April 3 that year.He was buried in a cemetery close to his home. A simple stone slab, painted yellow, marks his name and the date of his death but says little of the circumstances of his death, or life.In the background is a broken-down government school that seems to symbolise much of Nuh’s own predicament. Children walk home from school carrying small plates of rice with yoghurt, their mid-day meal, to share with families. Students study here until Class VIII, after which they must shift to a senior school some 10 km away. This is when many of the girls simply drop out.On the day I meet Jaibuna, she is alone at home. Two daughters, studying in Class VIII, have taken time off school to earn some money harvesting wheat. The energetic voices of children reciting the alphabet punctuate our conversation.Recorded deathJaibuna says she learned of her husband’s death on social media. Somebody had video-taped the ghastly lynching and put it up on Facebook. She began watching, then one of her children took the phone away. “He was still alive,” she says. She still hasn’t seen the rest of the clip.‘Justice’ is a big word for Jaibuna, who is just trying to get on with her life. An FIR was registered against six men. But a CID inquiry, which began after sustained protests by the family and civil society, said these men were not involved. In October 2018, witnesses for Pehlu, including his two sons and their lawyer, said they were shot at while going to court to record their statements. Police have dismissed the allegation as a ‘ploy’ to get the case transferred.For a family that works for daily wages, it can be hard to keep track of court dates and hearings. Two sons work as truck drivers and one manages the half-acre patch of land on which they grow wheat, jowar and bajra. “Nobody from the government came to visit me after what happened,” says Jaibuna. “I will never get justice from this government.”The family still owns a few goats and buffaloes. No cow has ever been bought since Pehlu Khan’s killing.(With inputs from Mohd Arif)The Delhi-based journalist writes on gender issues in India.last_img read more

Video: How Jellyfish Make It Look Easy

first_imgIf you are seeing a shark video above, please try viewing it in a different browser.Jellyfish, as their name implies, aren’t exactly the hulks of the sea. Despite their relative lack of muscles, however, they still appear to glide effortlessly through dense and churning waters. The trick? Their bodies get an extra push from pressure that builds up in the water around them as they move. High-speed video of moon jellyfish (Aurelia aurita), reported online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals that the animals don’t just speed up when their bell-shaped bodies are contracting, as others had observed, but also for a brief time after they have relaxed. Up to 32% of the jellyfish’s movement can be attributed to this phase of motion. To figure out how this happens, the researchers measured the pressure around a jellyfish’s body at each point in a thrust. As water rushes into the bell of the jellyfish after a muscle-driven contraction, they found, a large region of positive pressure forms in a ring shape under the jellyfish bell. The resulting motion of the water is enough to give the jellyfish an extra boost of propulsion. The finding helps explain how jellyfish, some species of which are considered invasive species, have adapted to compete with other, more muscle-filled fish to take over an ecosystem and compete for resources.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

ScienceShot: A New Type of ‘Quasicrystal’

first_imgIn 1982, Daniel Shechtman, an Israeli materials scientist, was first to spot a new type of irregular crystal, known as a quasicrystal. Unlike conventional crystals that have a regular repeating pattern to their member atoms, in quasicrystals the pattern is ordered but doesn’t repeat. Since Shechtman’s discovery, hundreds of quasicrystals have been discovered, most of which are alloys of two or three metals. Now, researchers in the United States report online today in Nature that they’ve added a new group to the list. The researchers added a layer of iron containing small molecules called ferrocenecarboxylic acid atop a gold surface. Rather than pairing up in “dimers” the way they normally do, interactions between the surface and neighboring molecules forced them to bind in rings that look like molecular rosettes, and in larger patterns including pentagons, stars, and rhombi (see above). The researchers suspect that this could open the door to the discovery of many other small molecule-based quasicrystals, though it’s unclear whether they will find practical uses.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

ScienceShot: Fish Can Yell, Too

first_imgPeople aren’t the only ones who raise their voices at each other; fish can shout, too. After catching some blacktail shiners—little minnows characterized by a big black splotch on their tail fin—fishery biologists placed them in tanks equipped with underwater speakers to see if noisy conditions affect communication. While females of Cyprinella venusta (pictured) don’t make noise, males produce two types of sound: growls and knocks. The growl is similar to a cat’s purr and is made when courting a female, while the knocks are more like popping sounds, typically made when males are fighting or defending their nests from another male. After recording these natural sounds during quiet periods, the researchers played white noise in the tanks. As they raised and lowered the volume of the static, they observed that rather than get closer together and continue on at the same “speaking” level, the blacktail shiner stays put and amps up its own voice to be heard. The study, published this month in Behavioral Ecology, is the first to find that fish will tune up their vocal volume in response to elevated noise. As noise levels around rivers continue to rise with cars thundering across bridges and boats chugging on the water, the researchers suggest more needs to be learned about how fish are responding to louder environments, and whether they’re getting stressed and behaving differently.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)last_img read more

ScienceShot: New Tool Could Help Airline Pilots Spot Impending Collision

first_imgIs that nearby aircraft going to hit you? The answer isn’t as simple as it seems, especially for pilots of light aircraft, who—unlike commercial pilots—typically fly without assistance from air traffic control. Modern, GPS-based cockpit displays can show the location of nearby planes, but interpreting these can be challenging. When presented with two incoming aircraft, for example, pilots are susceptible to distance bias—the assumption that the nearest aircraft poses the highest risk of collision, even if the one farthest away is traveling faster and could intercept first. To address this, researchers set up modified GPS displays in an indoor flight simulator. This was manned by real-life pilots, who were tasked with selecting which of two incoming aircraft (or “intruders”) presented the greatest risk. For some of the flights, the displays were normal, whereas during others the intruder that would cross the simulated flight path first was highlighted in yellow or made to blink. The scientists then measured the pilots’ accuracy and response times in dealing with the threat. The visual cues in the modified displays made it easier for the pilots to identify the intruder that presented the greatest risk—with accuracy increasing from 88% to 96%, the researchers will report in the June issue of Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. Furthermore, in the cases where the more distant aircraft posed the higher risk, reaction times were cut almost in half, falling from 7.2 seconds to 3.7 seconds in the displays where the priority intruder blinked. The researchers hope that the concept might be taken up by the aircraft industry, where it could save lives.last_img read more